Wednesday, January 22, 2020
Oregon, Assisted Suicide and Right to Life The reader of this paper will learn how the Right to Life movement is getting involved in a dramatic way in the assisted suicide battle in the state of Oregon. The NRLC(National Right to Life Committee), as well as the state RTL group, is participating in the court battle resulting from Oregon's November, 2001 judicial challenge to Ashcroft's decision -- initiated to keep assisted suicide practices functioning smoothly in Oregon. The National Right to Life Committee and Oregon Right to Life filed a friend of the court brief in the case challenging the recent decision of U.S. Attorney General John Ashcroft that the Controlled Substances Act does not permit the use of federally controlled drugs for assisted suicide. Under the Ashcroft decision, physicians who prescribe controlled drugs for assisted suicide could lose their licenses to prescribe any federally controlled drugs, which would effectively end the medical practice of many doctors. The brief supports the position of the United States, arguing that the Ashcroft decision should be upheld. (Oregon) In November of 2001, the State of Oregon brought suit against the Ashcroft ruling charging that it effectively nullifies Oregon's law permitting physician-assisted suicide for the terminally ill. Oregon is the only state to have legalized physician-assisted suicide. Oregon was joined in the suit, Oregon v. Ashcroft, by a number of persons seeking assisted suicide, a physician, a pharmacist, and an assisted suicide advocacy organization. Federal district court judge Robert E. Jones in Portland, Oregon, enjoined enforcement of the Ashcroft ruling pending prompt resolution of the case in his court. The National and Oregon Right to Life brief argues that Ashcroft's decision was fully justified because the federal government can choose to protect all human life through its laws even if the State of Oregon has chosen not to do so. "Just because Oregon allows its doctors to prescribe lethal drug overdoses to patients doesn't mean that the federal government has to agree that this is a legit imate medical use of the drugs," said James Bopp, Jr., General Counsel of the National Right to Life Committee. "The Oregon tail doesn't wag the federal dog. The U.S. government can protect all human lives even if Oregon turns its back on some of them." The brief also argues that the Ashcroft decision avoids constitutional problems by refusing to discriminate against terminally ill persons in enforcement of federal drug laws.
Tuesday, January 14, 2020
Children are gifts from God. So they need to be nurtured, protected, respect and most of all they need LOVE. We as teacher are said to be the second mother of every child in the school. WeÃ¢â¬â¢re together for eight hours a day or even longer, five days a week, we even spend more time with them than their real parents. We got to laugh with them often, play with them and we contribute a lot in their total development as a person. For me, being a teacher is really not just teaching a child how to read and write. But also you must learn how to be a mother to them. Ã¢â¬Å"Mothers knows bestÃ¢â¬ you know when to give them praise when they made the right thing and discipline them when they made the wrong thing. Ã¢â¬Å"Gives the school, its administrators and teachers, or the individual, entity or institution engaged in child care the special parental authority and responsibility over the minor child while under their supervision, instruction or custodyÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦ Ã¢â¬Å"Authority and responsibility shall apply to all authorized activities whether inside or outside the premises of the school, entity or institutions. Reading the Ã¢â¬Å"Child Protection Policy Of The Department of EducationÃ¢â¬ and having this articles as the legal basis that we the school, administrators and the teachers has the given the authority and responsibility over the minor child while they are under our supervision instruction custody. PROHIBITED ACTS 1.Child abuse 2.Discrimination against children 3. Child Exploitation 4. Violence Against Children in School 5. Corporal Punishment 6. Any analogous or similar acts 7.Bullying or Peer abuse As its definition goes corporal punishment refers to a kind of punishment or penalty imposed for an alleged or actual offense, which is carried out or inflicted for the purpose of discipline, training or control, by a teacher, school administrator an adult,or any other child who has been given or has assumed authority or responsibility for punishment or discipline. Teaching a child is really a big responsibility. Considering the fact that youÃ¢â¬â¢re not just teaching one or two pupil in a classroom. Like in our school I have forty nine pupils. Forty nine pupils coming from different environment, different values and upbringing. When I was still a student, I could remember my teacher imposing corporal punishment to us. I can honestly say I dislike that teacher.I could still remember me sayingÃ¢â¬ I will never ever,in any situation be like her if Im going to be a teacher. But, now that I am a teacher myself I could say in all honesty that I already understand her. Observing the younger generation I could say that thereÃ¢â¬â¢s really a big difference when it comes to their behaviors and attitudes,especially in their studies. They are more lax and no focus. And sometimes because of peer influence,technologies,media,and their environment they tend to forget their values.I have noticed that since paddling was taken out of schools, kids have gotten lazy and are falling behind in academics. They sometimes have gotten more violent and agreessive toward their teachers especially in higher grades. To much of anything is not good.For me, anything that is beyond, needs to be stop.So if it needs for discipline I think corporal punishment is not bad.
Sunday, January 5, 2020
In the following 17 summaries I describe a whole spectrum of factors which have most likely been controlling you and affecting the ways in which you react and behave in dating and relationships. Not being aware of the power these factors exert over you leads you to sabotage your attempts at developing a successful intimacy. Summary 1: What is Self-Awareness? Self-awareness is self-understanding and self-knowledge. It s getting to know your true, genuine self. Self-awareness enables you to identify and understand factors of which you were not aware until now that control your reactions and behaviors and harm your relationships, such as: your fears, needs, messages you have internalized, beliefs and opinions. Summary 2: Why is Self-Awareness a Prerequisite for an Intimate Relationship? Self-awareness means: understanding and acknowledging the fears, deprivations and needs that rule you; the beliefs, opinions and values that affect you. It means realizing how all these find expression in your relationships and how you react and behave automatically with your partners. Self-awareness enables you to be who you really are, take responsibility for your behavior and get up the courage to initiate changes. Summary 3: The Self-Awareness Process The Self-Awareness process requires that you have motivation and courage to observe and gather information about your thoughts, feelings, attitude, reactions and behaviors and see the connection between them. The process enables youShow MoreRelatedErikson s Theory Of Psychosocial Development Essay1691 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesis said to have passed from one to another stage are also fairly universal (Ramkumar, 2002). Erikson developed eight stages of psychosocial development that analysis personality, behavior and understanding for facilitating personal development of self and others. Erikson s theory demonstrates that individuals face challenges in each stage of development and may not reach their milestones. According to Erikson, although there is a predominant issue at each stage, the stages are not watertight.Read MoreCaring For Children And Young People4070 Words Ã |Ã 17 Pages Caring for children and young people P1: Outline why children and young people may need to be looked after away from their families. There are a variety of reasons why children can become looked after they can be looked after a foster carer or put into a childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s home because they could of suffered from abuse, loss of a parent, disability etc. Suspected abuse: There are four types of abuse that a child can experience, Physical, sexual, emotionalRead MorePros and Cons of Cohabitation3197 Words Ã |Ã 13 Pageson the information collected and self reflection. In order to discuss the topic, it must first have a concrete definition. For this research, it is considered that cohabiters are defined as a non-legalized relationship between a man and a woman living together under marriage-like circumstances. Thus the common ground amongst the relationships discussed in this paper have a strong emphasis on not only living in the same dwelling, but also rely on the relationship for means of satisfying family, sexualRead MoreIqbalÃ¢â¬â¢s Philosophy of Khudi3713 Words Ã |Ã 15 Pagesphilosophy: Why should I ask the sages about my beginning? It is my ultimate destiny that I am really concerned about. The writer is a student in Medicine and Public Health at Cornell University, New York (USA). IqbalÃ¢â¬â¢s Philosophy of Khudi 49 Elevate your khudi to such heights that before every decree, God Himself asks you: Ã¢â¬ËÃ¢â¬ËTell me, what is your wish?Ã¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢ IqbalÃ¢â¬â¢s philosophy essentially revolves around the issue of the progression of human being, or the rise of the Ã¢â¬ËÃ¢â¬ËselfÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢ or Ã¢â¬ËÃ¢â¬ËegoÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢Read MorePerson Centered Theory7387 Words Ã |Ã 30 Pagesenvironment that provides them with genuinness (openness and self-disclosure), acceptance (being seen with unconditional positive regard), and empathy (being listened to and understood). Without these, relationships and healthy personalities will not develop as they should, much like a tree will not grow without sunlight and water. Rogers believed that every person can achieve their goals, wishes and desires in life. When, or rather if they did so, self actualization took place. This was one of Carl RogersRead MoreA Comparison Between Chinese Etiquette and the Western Etiquette5197 Words Ã |Ã 21 PagesÃ¤ ¸ Ã¨ ¥ ¿Ã¦â" ¹Ã§ ¤ ¼Ã¤ » ªÃ¦â"â¡Ã¥Å'â"Ã¥ · ®Ã¥ ¼â-Ã§âÅ¸Ã¦ ´ »Ã§â¢ ¾Ã§ §â With China entry the WTO and will hold the Olympic games in 2008, the relationship between China and Western in politics, economy, culture will become more and more close. It is undoubtedly that the etiquette will play an important role in this process. To the definition of etiquette, China and Western have a different understanding. As Chinese thinks that the etiquette is the common behavior standards that all the members must obey, and its purpose is to keep the normal living orderRead MoreMarriage Guidance: Summary Notes19959 Words Ã |Ã 80 PagesÃ¢â¬â Marriage Guidance Ã¢â¬â facilitative couples counselling Theme ONE Ã¢â¬â Understanding couples Intimacy involves: love, affection and caring, deep attachment to another person. The TRIPOD of couple relationships An intimate relationship consists of three factors that form a tripod on which the relationship rests. 1. Passionate attraction (PA) 2. Mutual expectations (ME) 3. Personal intentions (PI) Passionate attractions (PA) Ã¢â â Individual experiences intensely pleasurable sensations when thinkingRead MoreEriksons Psychosocial Development Theory10839 Words Ã |Ã 44 Pagesstages of human development Eriksons model of psychosocial development is a very significant, highly regarded and meaningful concept. Life is a serious of lessons and challenges which help us to grow. Eriksons wonderful theory helps to tell us why. The theory is helpful for child development, and adults too. For the lite version, heres a quick diagram and summary. Extra details follow the initial overview. For more information than appears on this page, read Eriksons books; he was an award-winningRead More The Role of Women in Tibetan Buddhism Essay4445 Words Ã |Ã 18 Pagesnext life. The ultimate goal is still liberation of self, but there is no denial of the world as there was before. One must take on the suffering of others, show universal compassion, and then one can reach nirvana and be reincarnated as a male. This form of Buddhism integrated different deities from other religions, including several important female goddesses. While the destruction of the female symbol and everything feminine was a prerequisite for enlightenment, the contradiction here is quiteRead More Raymond Carvers Cathedral Essay6977 Words Ã |Ã 28 Pagescharacters in Cathedral or among the characters of earlier volumes. In Will You Be Quiet, Please? there is the paranoid self-cloistering of Slater and Arnold Breit, and in What We Talk About When We Talk About Love we read of James Packers cantankerous,self-absorbed disgruntlement about lifes injustices. In Cathedral appear other, more extreme versions of insularity,from a husbands self-imposed confinement to a living room in quot;Preservationquot; to anothers pathetic reluctance to leave an attic
Saturday, December 28, 2019
In the article Ã¢â¬Å"Doing well by doing goodÃ¢â¬ , the words Ã¢â¬ËbusinessÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"ethicsÃ¢â¬ has been pointed out that they canÃ¢â¬â¢t come together. Companies wondered where do ethics go and it has been widely wrath despite being taught in school. Ethics has been the custom yet uncertain. There are protesters in Washington, DC who were criticizing the immorality of a company including the IMF. Most people reacted that companies shouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be in the business ethics at oneÃ¢â¬â¢s convenience but should be concerned of their social responsibilities, morals and environment. The leader of market economics, Milton Friedman, stated that to increase the profits, the company has to use its resources and has to engage in activities. Companies with extensive responsibilities even argue about the system in pursuing social responsibility of business. According to Ulrich Steger, the company should prioritize the shareholdersÃ¢â¬â¢ incessant interest but they should also be concerned of their social responsibilities, morals and environmental goals that the public expects them to be. Without a doubt, companiesÃ¢â¬â¢ primary goal is to earn a profit. Emphasizing on profitability affects the fundamental values in the company, its morality. Companies ignore the ethics just to earn a mountainous income. This often causes extensive repercussions in the companies. In America, companies are motivated to pursue virtue in order to avoid legal penalties. The Defence Department pressured companies to set up guidelines andShow MoreRelatedThe And Doing Well By Doing Good1510 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesVirtuousness and Doing well by doing good. Many of the individuals we presented to operated under the widely-held assumption that organizations which act virtuously and do the right thing are at a competitive disadvantage to those that do not. We delivered the good news that this is largely incorrect. For instance, organizations with higher perceived levels of virtuousness have much higher profitability (Cameron, Bright, Caza, 2004), and CEOs who rated high on four moral principlesÃ¢â¬âintegrityRead MoreGood Hotel: Doing Good Doing Well1129 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesGood Hotel: Doing Good, Doing Well? Joie de Vivre is a hotel management group that is located in San Francisco that was founded in 1987 by Chip Conley. He liked commercial real estate but did not like doing the transaction part of it. He stated to Travel Weekly the branding strategy for Joie de Vivre. In article he said that they know California better than anyone, approximately 40 percent of consumers are from California. He knows that his company comes up with unique hotels, with own personalityRead MoreCan Firms Do Well While Doing Good?1796 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesAnother abstract contributes to the research of the 100 companies to work for is Ahmed, Nanda, Schnusenberg (2010). This research aim to identify Ã¢â¬Å"Can Firms Do Well While Doing Good?Ã¢â¬ in term of applying to financial economic. They are looking at the relationship between a firmÃ¢â¬â¢s social responsibility and its performance. They argue that FortuneÃ¢â¬â¢s approach to identify the Best Companies to Work For is mainly based on employe e (not shareholder) surveys, which may provide a more direct measure ofRead MoreGorgias Essay561 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesbe used for both good and evil persuasion. You can persuade others to se your point of view, but without intelligence it can be unjust. He believes that, Ã¢â¬ ¦doing what one sees fit without intelligence is bad. Socrates argument is that moral virtue is s form of intelligence, and convinces Polus that in order to have great power, you must use it for what you believe to be the better. Polus believes that those who have the power do what they see fit, and at the same time are doing what it is theyRead MoreStock Market Simulation Example885 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesFor the past month we have been doing a stock market competition. The winner of that competition gets bonus marks. Going into this simulation for the first time not knowing that much about it I felt like it was going to be hard and I may not finish where I would have to liked to. But since the competitio n started I felt more comfortable and got the hang of it. I planned to invest in companies that I think would do good in the future. My first two investments were in Tesla and google. I invested inRead MoreUniliver Fair Lovely Skin Whitening Cream1350 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThere is no doubt that Fair and Lovely is Ã¢â¬Å"doing wellÃ¢â¬ financially according to the author. Controlling 50% - 70% share of the skin whitening market in India, with two closest competitors sharing 16% of the market. The second fastest growing brand out of 63 brands in HLLÃ¢â¬â¢s portfolio with a growth rate of 21.5% per year as of 2002 in a market valued at over $200 million in 2006. Ankita Rao equally acknowledged financial benefits in the skin whitening market when she said Ã¢â¬Å"the market-which is set toRead MoreBenefits Of A Successful Business856 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesmotivated to do their jobs and increase work satisfaction. This is undeniably crucial for a business to continue to be profitab le. Some solutions to this problem are incentives, having a good work environment, and showing appreciation. When employees perform poorly by not doing their job or not doing their job well, it reflects negatively on the business. Customers who are not satisfied, may complain and may not return. Customers can also discourage others from going to that particular establishmentRead MoreLets Love Sport876 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesLetÃ¢â¬â¢s love sport As we know playing sport is a good habit that most of the people love it. What is the meaning of the sport? The answer is clear; sport means the regular movement of the limbs of the body in a proper manner. Every day we can encounter with people who play sport but how many percent of those people know the real effect of doing exercise in their body? Absolutely many of them seem not to know the effects. Actually many people donÃ¢â¬â¢t realize the benefits and importance of sport. SportRead More##gury Of Imagery InJuggler, By Richard Wilbur1083 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesjuggler is doing in this poem. The speaker uses imagery to reveal the ideas of the speaker describing the juggler. The readers can picture in their mind exactly what the juggler is doing in his performance. ThereÃ¢â¬â¢s a lot of detail the speaker is saying thatÃ¢â¬â¢s describing the juggler and what he does with the objects heÃ¢â¬â¢s using in his performance. The tone is the excitement of the speaker and the audie nce. This reveals that the speaker is describing the jugglerÃ¢â¬â¢s movements and actions, by doing that theRead MoreSexual Harassment And The Workplace Essay1466 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIt can also affect productivity, satisfaction, retention, patient care and safety, your physical well-being and mental health. It can also cause low staff morale, increased absenteeism and attrition of staff. This student has witnessed and has been a victim of sexual harassment in the workplace. One in three women has been sexually harassed at work some point in their life (McDonald. 2011.p.2). Good communication skills are needed to stand up for yourself and others in sexual harassment cases. One
Friday, December 20, 2019
Discrimination against Women in the Workplace Jessica Holmes Professor Williams April 10, 2012 From the beginning of time the male and female have been expected to perform certain roles in society. Males have been expected to work and provide for their family while the female raises the children, cooks, cleans and keeps the house in order. Today many women have broken that tradition and are starting their careers and becoming more independent. Even though females today are braking away from that stereotype, they are being discriminated in the work place because there are still individuals out there that believe that women should play a certain role and that they are not strong enough to work in a cooperation orÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦There are women that work more hours then their male counterparts and women still make less in salary. A second key issue is the hiring process. Many companies prefer to hire men over women for a positionregardless of their education or experience. Some reasons this may be is because most females have to balance work and family duties which may be a huge barrier in helping advancement in an organization, so an employer may prefer to hire a man who will not come with the baggage of children or the issue of balancing work and family duties. During an interview some women are not hired because they cannot be taken seriously because some may wear too much make-up or their pants suit or skirt may be too tight. Women that are pregnant are also sometimes not considered for a position because the manager may worry about the women wanting time off work on maternity leave. This may not be a direct financial concern about paying women while on maternity leave. Its more about the cost of replacing and training someone to cover their role while they are off. A third issue in the discrimination of women in the workplace is sexual harassment. Sexual Harassment is described as a form of gender discrimination that is in violation of Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act. Even though it is a violation of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 there is still sexual harassment in the workplace today. The majority of sexual harassment complaints in the work place come from woman.Show MoreRelatedGender Discrimination Against Women in the Workplace1203 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThesis: Women face considerable sexual discrimination in the world of work, significantly limiting their employment prospects and subsequent advancement in their careers. Gender Discrimination Against Women In The Workplace Traditionally, women have been considered to be the weaker sex and subordinate to men. Moreover, their roles have been assigned to domestic and childrearing duties. The job market is male dominated, and women are often considered to be out ofRead MoreGender Discrimination Against Women During The Workplace1088 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesGender Discrimination Against Women in the Workplace We have made a lot of strides for women in the workplace in the past couple of decades but the problem that still remains is discrimination. A women just wants to be treated like others in the workplace and not to be harassed, judged, looked down or might not be considered for the position because she is a women. According the Department of Labor Statistics 57% of women participate in the labor force, 70% of these women have children underRead More Discrimination Against Women in the Workplace Essay example1181 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesemployment discrimination was eliminated by the Civil Rights Act in 1964, many women continue to undergo unfair and unlawful discrimination in the workplace. Even though women have come a long way, they are still being discriminated against in certain fields of work. High-end jobs, most commonly large companies and medical fields, continue to discriminate against women even though they have the same job qualifications as men. There are many different ways in which women are discriminated against in theRead MoreThe Problem Of Discrimination At The Civil Rights Act Of 1964991 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAlvarez and Moser explore the problem of discrimination in the large company Walmart. Many female employees claim were their discriminated against in the workplace and sued the company for the unfair treatment in salary and promotion. This article shows the information of lawsuit cases for large company. The company had more awareness suing from the employee and needed to prevent it. I will use this source for backing ground for my argument. It shows 500,000 female employees files for the lawsuitRead MoreGender Discrimination At The Workplace1165 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesGender discrimination in the workplace is a recurring issue in businesses today. Employees are given the right by their employers to be protected from discrimination and inequality in the workplace. In just about every business setting today, men and women work together in the same fields, jobs, and projects. However, it has only been up until (relatively) recently that men and women have been in competition for the same jobs. With the predetermined assumptions of the different roles between bothRead MoreEthics of Workplace Discrimination Essay1434 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesWorkplace ethics are standards or codes that determines right and wrong moral behavior in the work environment. Discrimination is defined as Ã¢â¬Å"the unjust or prejudicial treatment of different categories of people or things, especially on the grounds of race, age, or sex.Ã¢â¬ (Oxford Dictionary) Workplace discrimination deals with issues such as religion, race, gender, disability, age, and sexual orientation. Covering all of these issues is beyond the scope of this paper, therefore, I will focus onRead MoreThe Wage Gap Between Men And Women1337 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesMen and women. Even the name of the female gender is derived from the male species. Fo r years, women have been discriminated against in an array of areas such as politics, at home, and in the workplace. The most debated area of gender discrimination is the wage gap between men and women. After reviewing the following facts, it is obvious women are essentially just as valuable as men, and therefore should be treated equally in the workplace. The pay gap between males and females has been a topic thatRead MoreEssay about Sex Discrimination 1597 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIntroduction Discrimination involves action toward individuals on the basis of their group membership; Baron and Byrne (1994) defined discrimination as prejudice in action. Discrimination can take a very overt form (e.g., refusal to hire women into certain jobs), but in many instances, gender discrimination involves the degree to which the workplace is open to versus resistant to the participation of women. Although many discussions of gender discrimination have focused on the ways managers andRead MoreWorkplace Discrimination : Tips For Executives, Managers, And Students1261 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages David A. Robinson wrote a short book, Workplace Discrimination: Tips for Executives, Managers, and Students to Increase Productivity and Reduce Litigation, in hopes to help managers and future managers avoid illegal discrimination and avoid discrimination lawsuits. Robinson began with telling about Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.Ã¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"I have a dreamÃ¢â¬ speech and compared it to the time today to American President Barak Obama. From Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.Ã¢â¬â¢s speech to the inauguration of American PresidentRead MoreGender Based Pay And Promotion Discrimination1104 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesand Moser explore the claims of gender-based pay and promotion discrimination that is fast emerging as the latest challenge for employers seeking to reduce litigation risks. These claims are from recent jury verdicts, pending legislation in Congress, and headline-grabbing court decisions. These court decisions and legislative initiatives raise the specter of a flood of class claims ag ainst employers for pay and promotion discrimination. I will use this source for ground for my argument. It shows 500
Thursday, December 12, 2019
Question: Analyse specified aspects about Management in Aldi Australia OR the Australian Football Federation and in Deakin Business Report Format. Answer: Introduction: Football federation of Australia is a company that is registered and incorporated under corporation act and is limited by guarantee. It is the governing body regulating football in Australia. Australian system and constitution governs the operation of company. Australian Football federation develops, promotes and control the game of association in Australia and it operates in area of elite player development and national teams. Former name of Australian football federation was earlier known as Australian soccer Australian limited. AFF is a member of Asian Football Confederation and FIFA (Federation of international football assoviation). Dedication of organization is to strengthen and promote the football reputation in Australia along with its reputation on world stage. Important mechanisms for enhancing and protecting behavior, standard of performance and professionalisms of stakeholders and football participants in Australia is its dedicated integrity framework (Australia 2013). AF F is bound by national code of conduct and code of ethics. Discussion: Australian federation association is a member of FIFA (Federation Internationale de Footbal association) and the governing body of football in Australia. Australian football federation was established in 2004 and is based in Darlinghurst, Australia. Organization is loosely based on federated system of government of Australia and is a member based organization. Membership of Australian federation association comprise of capital football, football Queensland, football federation Victoria, football federation south Australia, football federation northern territory and northern new south west football. The long-term mission is of Australian football federation is to be the most popular and largest sport organization in Australia (Robbins et al. 2013, pp 93-94). Business structure of AFF are structured across their three strategic core pillars for achieving this vision. This include football community, elite player development and national teams and A-leagues and competition. Mission stat ement of organization would include market, philosophy, concern for public image, concern for employees and concern for growth profitability and survival. The primary purpose of Australian football federation is to formalize the focus of organization on specific matters that might have an impact on football sporting integrity in Australia (Deresky 2017). Following are purpose of establishment of football federation of Australia and they are as follows: To enforce and promote regulations and statutes by being a premier football body in Australia by making laws of game at all level. In addition to this, organization intends to control football strategic direction in Australia, governing and supervising football leagues and state bodies along with determination of highest policy level for management and conduct of football in country (Robbins et al. 2013). To prevent and respect any infringement of regulations and statues and governing football through Australia. To promote, control and regulate along with improving game of football in Australia. To coach, regulate referees and accredit entities and individual to undertake activities and functions concerning football in Australia. Discussing specific environment of AFF: In this particular factor section, discussion about external organizational factor of AFF is done. External environmental factors refers to situation, forces, events and conditions that is outside the boundaries of organization. Two components are involved in building environmental factors that is specific environment and general environment. Specific environment of organization (Source: Robbins et al. 2013) There is a direct and immediate impact on operations of organization resulting from specific environment factors (Robbins et al. 2013, pp 34-41). Stakeholders are specific factors who are affected by achievements of objective of organization. Interest of all groups of stakeholders are considered by mangers of high performing organization as it assist by providing predictability of environmental changes, greater organizational flexibility intended to reduce the impact of change and creation of greater degree of trust among stakeholders (Grunig 2013). Partners of AFF includes SABA, Arthur J Gallaghers, Donate life, Foxtel, Hyundai and Westfield, Nike, Harvey Norman. All the listed are strategic partners that are organization working together for mutual benefit. AFF is able to combine resources, spread risk, learn from each other and share ideas by working closely with these strategic partners. Nonetheless, certain types of risks are created due to collaboration with strategic partners and there is possibility of becoming competitive rivals by learning trade secrets from each other. Therefore, it is required by organization to manage relationship with strategic partners so that they are working closely enough to be effective and protecting risks. Other factors in specific environment of organization are volunteers, as the game of football would not exists without army of volunteers. Workforce of national volunteers is considered critical for success of number of national initiatives. Volunteers that assist players and is at the hea rt of football development play key roles in success of organization (Kerzner 2013). Interest groups in some specific areas such as ethical conduct and environmental impact influence business activities of AFF. Interest of members within the organization are served by interest groups and they are organized geographically, profession, liaison and social specific issues. AFF is a football organization that coordinates with strategic partners influencing behavior of organization (Jones and Jones 2015). Corporate social responsibility and ethics of AFF: Corporate social responsibility is a growing importance in Sports industry and sports organizations are elevated by their increasing scope and size. A socially aware world is increasingly facilitated by sports organization that has led to development of corporate social responsibility theory. One of the factor that is considered of great importance to sport organization is being able to interact and cope up with society and understanding corporate responsibility theory. In order to address global sustainability agenda, there is a need to implement operational change by recognizing importance of corporate social responsibility. Organizations that are socially responsible engage themselves in taking some social actions and mangers in such organization are guided by values, social norms and taking market oriented decisions about actions taken. Employees facing ethical dilemmas within organization are influenced by culture of organization (Robbins et al. 2014, pp 52-59). If the organizat ional structure is formal, then mangers are able to manage performance by assigning responsibilities and roles and reward allocation considering ethical decisions of people and employees along with stakeholders. It also leads to inflecting behavior in ethical manner. Some of the corporate social responsibility are as follows: Stakeholder theory- Stakeholder theory is the foundation of modern thinking of CSR and sports organization have to do more than just for their investors having financial stake. Such stakeholders include government-granting license to carry out operations, business partners and audience. Successful running of organization requires proper management of their stakeholders. Collaboration theory- CSR is portrayed as a win-win situation using collaboration theory. Strategic value of collaboration and values are highlighted in many cases and organization can establish strategic partnership by behaving in a socially responsible ways and achieving strategic outcomes. Creation of sustainable development- Establishment of concept of sustainable development represents additional pillar for modern CSR theory. Sustainability development was initially associated with environmental issues and now it encompasses other types of development. This leads to transformation of momentary change and have lasting impact on organization (Robbins et al. 2013, pp 34-41). Furthermore, modern CSR theory is shaped by evolving concepts of leadership and business ownership. Corporate social responsibility of AFF is defined as the range of obligations that organization has towards society. Acceptance of social burden by organization is explained by word obligation or responsibility and their willingness to tackle problems pro-actively. Social responsibility of AFF is not limited to only doing good and a clear target of achieving a lasting effect with its humanitarian has been set by organization. Ethical code of conduct of AFF has the ambition of strengthening and promoting game of football in Australia by establishment as standard of behavior, professionalism and performance of all stakeholders and participants. As per the code, it is required that member of organization should not engage in any kind of financial speculation, gambling or betting and unfairly effecting result of match conducted. Furthermore, behaviors of professional players, officials and representative players are subjected to greater scrutiny. They are required to comply with procedures and protocol of team relating to curfews, inappropriate relationships and alcohol. The corporate purpose of AFF is to promote football as sports in Australia and all the referees and players are considered to be of great importance to organization. Organization look to articulate grate responsibility to society as it offers considerable sports to community. They are committed to provide training to new generations that are intended to improve health, economies and recreation of communities it is serving. Impact of operations of organization on environment does not compromise with the enjoyment of future generations. Organization foster and maintains their value by encouraging players to participate through means that strives constantly for sporting achievements (Robbins et al. 2013, pp 42-44).. A strictest standard of corporate governance is fulfilled through transparency. For its employees, organization provides excellent place to work by strictly adhering to principles of equality and providing them opportunity to reconcile their personal and professional lives a long with promoting diversity at workplace. Clients of organization are promised of maintaining highest standard, innovation, quality and satisfying their customers (Zurich 2017). Social commitment of organization is affected by undertaking activities mainly in creation of sporting academic and management of integration academics. In order to achieve resources, organization is committed to solving environmental issues by recycling of waste and materials, utilizing energy efficiency and saving water. It makes the application of sustainable and ecological principles for caring garden areas and lawns. Transparency portal of AFF gives an account of their compliance any reporting matter on ethical issues and the way they are managed. Therefore, considering the corporate social responsibility theory, AFF makes commitment to stakeholders in its values and principles. Describing internal culture of AFF: Culture of organization is regarded as principles, values, tradition, and system of shared values that influences way members of organizations act. The way organization interacts with environment for dealing with issues such as handling environmental opportunities and prospering and surviving threats, managing and integrating people for keeping organizations together. Culture analysis in sports organization are very promising and they are considered as critical factor as they are responsible for influencing decision-making. Culture is responsible for promoting willingness and flexibility resulting from constant change occurring inside and outside organizations. There are seven primary dimension of culture of organization and they comprise of risk taking, innovation, team orientation, and people orientation, attention to detail, stability and aggressiveness. Understanding culture of organization would help in encouraging teamwork, helps in rewarding innovation and stifling initiatives. Managers of organization are affected in two ways. One is it influences the planning, control, organize and control leadership and on other hand it influences way people behave in organizations (Peppard and Ward 2016). There are particular outcomes on which organizational cultures and this involves authority and organizational structures, employees selection and trai ning, evaluating system and rewards along with managing organizational performance. Now, result is obtained by gaining personal insights by conducting quiz What is right organizational culture for me? Agreement and level of disagreement for each of seven statement is done using seven scale. Total score will range from 7 and 35. Scoring 21 or lower is indicative of fact that mangers are more comfortable in mechanistic, formal, structured culture and rule oriented. Lower score would indicate that managers prefers this type of culture (Kinicki et al. 2014). However, scoring above 22 would indicate that mangers would prefer humanistic, informal, innovative and flexible culture. Higher score would indicate that mangers prefer humanistic cultures. After conducting quiz, result that is arrived after interviewing is score 20. Therefore, manager of organization would prefer rule oriented, mechanistic, formal and structured culture ()(Robbins et al. 2013, pp 46-47). When considering this type of organizational culture it can be seen organizational culture should involve beliefs values and adopting special culture would lead to help in adding special dimension to sports industry and this will help in creating understanding about organizations. Adoption of well-structured culture will help sport organization to create a discipline environment that is considered to be of utmost important for success. Rule oriented might be related to adoption of communication tool that helps in attracting sponsors, members, funder and volunteers. Adopting this tool is crucial for promoting partnership with funders, community partners and sponsors. Mechanistic approach would lead to adoption of various applications and procedures that helps in facilitating behaviors of stakeholders within organization (Mikosza and Hutchins 2017). This would involve promoting and establishing codes and adoption of conflict resolution policies. When dealing with resolving issues relat ing to conflict, it is required by managers of sport organization to ensure fairness and transparency. Adopting formal structure within organization would also help in integrating and well engaging employees. Therefore, adoption of well-structured, formal, mechanistic and rule-oriented structure within organization is considered as best organizational fit for Australian football federation. Organizational structure of AFF provides leadership approach that helps in fostering new culture of football in Australian embracing professionalism, diversity, success, universal appeal of game and integrity (Stell and Salisbury 2015). It would be possible for federation to achieve the objectives of organization by development of formal and rule oriented approach. Conclusion: Australian Federal federation is an organization that is based in Australia and helps in promoting game of football. It can be observed that changes in football is quite remarkable in Australia. AFF is shifting to competitive and strategic landscape in Australia. Culture of organization is such that it helps in attracting and drawing international broadcast of more than billion people. Development of football federation of Australia helps in promoting football as sports and providing a platform of entertainment and recreation to their target audiences. Code of conduct of Australian federation helps in promoting and strengthening football reputation in Australia. After the analysis of internal culture of organization, it can be said that culture adds value to reputation and image of sport organization. Furthermore, personal insights has been gained relating to organizational culture that would best fit to AFF. It was depicted that modern, formal, rule oriented and well-structured orga nizational culture would be compatible with AFF organizational culture Reference: Australia, F.F., 2013. The national football curriculum: The roadmap to international success. Sydney, Australia: Football Federation Australia Burke, R., 2013. Project management: planning and control techniques. New Jersey, USA. Deresky, H., 2017. International management: Managing across borders and cultures. Pearson Education India. Donaldson, A., 2017. Australian community football coaches 11+ knowledge and behaviour. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 20, p.e7. Grunig, J.E. ed., 2013. Excellence in public relations and communication management. Routledge. Heizer, J., 2016. Operations Management, 11/e. Pearson Education India. Hill, C.W., Jones, G.R. and Schilling, M.A., 2014. Strategic management: theory: an integrated approach. Cengage Learning. Hollensen, S., 2015. Marketing management: A relationship approach. Pearson Education. Jones, V. and Jones, L., 2015. Comprehensive classroom management: Creating communities of support and solving problems. Pearson. Kerzner, H., 2013. Project management: a systems approach to planning, scheduling, and controlling. John Wiley Sons. Kinicki, A., Williams, B.K., Scott-Ladd, B. and Perry, M., 2014. Management: A practical introduction. McGraw-Hill Education Australia. Laudon, K.C. and Laudon, J.P., 2016. Management information system. Pearson Education India. Mikosza, J. and Hutchins, B., 2017. The business of avoiding sport: Australian sport should carry a social health warning. Meanjin, 76(1), p.168. Myers, M.D., 2013. Qualitative research in business and management. Sage. Peppard, J. and Ward, J., 2016. The strategic management of information systems: Building a digital strategy. John Wiley Sons. Robbins, S., De Cenzo, D., Coulter, M. and Woods, M., 2013.Management: the essentials. Pearson Higher Education AU. Stell, M. and Salisbury, C., 2015. Its Bigger than the Olympics: changing Australia through football and the 1974 FIFA World Cup. Soccer Society, 16(2-3), pp.245-258. Zurich, L.B., 2017. Service Operations and Management.
Wednesday, December 4, 2019
Scarlet Letter: Who Should Punish A Sinner? Religion, Society, or Ind Essay ividualsScarlet Letter: Who Should Punish A Sinner? Religion, Society, or IndividualsWho should punish a sinner? Should it be religion, society, or theindividual? In Hawthornes Scarlet Letter all three affect the main characterHester Prynne. Religion punishes her with the Scarlet Letter, societyostracizes her as punishment, and individually she was able to move on in lifebut still returned to her haunting past where she died. Religion plays a big part in the Scarlet Letter. Hester Prynne wore theScarlet Letter to remind her of the mistake ahe made. Instaed of taking Pearlaway the people wanted her to wear the A for adultry. Hester brought up herchild forcing the the thought of the heavenily father. Hesters whole lifestylewas altered. She obeyed everyone and for seven years was cursed by standing onthe scaffold. The peoples beliefs strongly enforced the idea that Hester wouldwear the Scarlet Letter, so she did. It constantly forced the tought of the sinshe had commited and would haunt her for good. I have thought have death, saidshe, have wished for it, would even have prayed for it, were it fit thatsuch as I should pray for anything.Society was an influence on the scarlet letter. People of the townbelieved that Hester was a witch as well as sinner. Society ostracized herbecause no one in the town had ever delt with any kind of sin as adultry so theylooked at her as a witch. The people in a way wanted to ruin her life becausepeople actually thought she was bad. One of the real canadites that wanted toruin Hester was Mistress Hibbins. Through out the whole story Mistress Hibbins constantly gives Hester herpiece of mind. Thou thyself wilt see it, one time or another. They say, child, thou art ofthe lineage of the Prince of the Air! Wilt thou ride with me, some fine night,to see thy father.Individually she was ostracized and critizied no matter where she went. As time went on she helped the people proving there was a true side to HesterPrynne. That led to the A no longer standing for adultry but for able. Whenall had been coming together for Hester it proved that her punnishment from thepeople had turned to a compliament. This shows that individually she was able tohandle the heat of the people. When she became real strong she was able to moveon with life but she faced the fact that her life would never be the same if shedidnt move back to her haunted town full of dreadful memories. So she did, andthats were she died. I know not! I know not! she hurridly repeated. Better? Yea; so we may both die, and little pearl die with us! As we know theconclusion Hester did indeed die and lay next to the one she loved, the minister. Who should punish a sinner? Should it be religion, society, or theindividual? In Hawthornes Scarlet Letter all three affect the main characterHester Prynne. Religion punishes her with the scarlet letter, societyostracizes her as punishment, and individually she was able to move on in lifebut still returned to her haunting past where she died. It proves thatindividually a person hurts themself more then anything. Hester could live onanywhere else, her life wouldnt be the same.